Some Myths About Skin Cancer!

Fashion

Some Myths About Skin Cancer!

 

Myth #1: Melanoma is the only kind of skin cancer you need to worry about.

  As you probably know, there are three types of skin cancer. While there are only about 180,000 new cases of melanoma each year, up to 75% of skin cancer deaths are due to melanoma. That's because melanoma is a virulent, dangerous, and terrible disease that's easy to miss until it's too late. In contrast, the other two types of skin cancer, basal cell, and squamous cell carcinomas, are generally easier to treat. They don't spread around the entire body like melanoma, and they are usually very visible. Does this mean you don't have to worry about these other kinds of skin cancer? Unfortunately, that's not the case at all.

Protect yourself by wearing sun hats and using sun lotion. You can shop mens and womens sun hats online.

 

Myth #2: You're safe if you have darker skin, if you tan more easily, or if you are not of English/Irish heritage.

  Having fair skin, being of North European heritage, or having freckles or moles are all risk factors for skin cancer. In fact, a study from 2015 found that they increase your risk of skin cancer as much as 100-fold compared to other groups. However, even though people with fair skin are at higher risk, this doesn't mean people with darker skin don't have to worry about skin cancer. While rates of skin cancer are lower in people of color, skin cancer can and does happen to everyone. And in people with darker skin, it's more likely to go undetected for longer, making it more dangerous. This explains why the estimated five-year melanoma survival rate is almost 30% lower for darker-skinned patients than for light-skinned patients. In other words, everybody is at risk of skin cancer. And that even goes for people who never get sunburned. Which leads me to another myth...

Myth #3: You're safe if you don't burn. 

In 2009, Brazil banned the use of tanning beds. In 2015, Australia did the same. Across the U.S., 13 states have also followed suit, at least when it comes to minors. That's good news, because we now know that tanning beds, even though they never cause a sunburn, increase rates of skin cancer. This has big implications for regular sun exposure as well. You see, there are two types of UV radiation we are normally exposed to. One is called UVB, which causes sunburns. The other is called UVA, which is what tanning beds use.The thing is, we are all normally exposed to both UVA and UVB radiation. UVA is actually the dominant kind of UV radiation that hits us every day. And that's not all. Unlike UVB rays, which are only present in the middle of the day, UVA rays shine down on you throughout the day, even in the morning and in the afternoon. Also unlike UVB rays, UVA rays attack your skin in the winter as well as in the summer. And finally, unlike UVB rays, UVA rays pass through glass and even clouds. The point of all this is that we're all getting tons of UVA radiation. If we're so concerned about it in tanning beds, shouldn't we worry about it the rest of the time, too? The answer is clearly yes. Your skin gets damaged from UVA rays, even if you never burn. If you want a dramatic illustration of this, consider what happens to commercial airline pilots. These guys are exposed to much more UVA radiation because they work high up in the atmosphere, where there is less protection against UVA rays. At the same time, the glass in the cockpit completely protects them from UVB rays and sunburns. So what is the effect of all this UVA radiation on the pilot's health? It's pretty dramatic: Commercial pilots get malignant melanoma 10 times more than the regular population. In other words, while sunburns are undoubtedly bad for you, you don't need to burn to get skin cancer. Even milder sun exposure can be enough.